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Microbial creation of cannabinoids

Cannabinoids are psychotropic substances found in cannabis flowers. Their usage activates the endocannabinoid system, considered to controlthe mechanism that is homeostatic. Homeostasis could be the ability of people to preservethe internal environment stable, in spite of the outside changes. Cannabinoids also provide pharmacological results, acting as anticancer agents, along with participating into diabetes-related biochemical paths. University of Berkeley researchers generated an enzymatic system that turns sugar into cannabinoids by using the yeast Saccharomyces cerevisiae.

Cannabinoids are “chemical messengers”, transfering signals into the endocannabinoid system. These are typically distinguished into two groups: endocannabinoids and extrocannabinoids. The category that is first chemical compounds obviously produced in the human anatomy and they constitute neurotransmitters of short timeframe, whereas, the refers that are latter to substances mostly discovered within plants and show greater effect intensity. The endocannabinoid system consists of two receptors, CB1 and CB2. Each receptor responds to cannabinoids that are different nevertheless there are numerous receptors that respond to both. Whenever a cannabinoid activates a receptor , different functions of this system can modify, such as for example appetite, mood, rest and cardiovascular task. More over, the endocannabinoid system activity could be studied to treat different infection. However, cannabinoids are manufactured and work only if there was a necessity to take action. 続きを読む »

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